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Full text of "A history of Persia"

55

HISTORY OF PERSIA

defeat by the Nomads, 360-361 ; rela-
tions with Armenia, 361-362 5 first in-
tercourse with Rome, 364-365 ; early
relations with China, 365-366 ; 367,
371 5 internal affairs, 373 9 invasion of,
by Crassus, 374-375 5 376 5 invasion of
Syria, 379-380 ; 381 ; Mark Antony's
expedition, 387 ; 391 ; organization,
religion, and architecture, 392 et $eq. ;
Army and Court, 394-3,95 ; position of
women, 395-396 5 life and dress, 396-
397 5 laws and religion, 397-399 ; litera-
ture and art, 399-400 ; coinage, 400-
401 5 struggle for Armenia, 402 et seq. ;
decline and fall, 410 et seq. ; inroad of
the Alani, 413 ; last battle with Rome,
416-417 ; downfall of, 417

Parysatis (daughter of Xerxes), i. 232, 234,
236, 246, 247

Pasargadae, ancient capital of Persia, i. 142
footnote, 148, 149, 151, 164, 188, 190,
191, 192, 236 j occupation of, by Alex-
ander, 277-279, 298

Pashe Dynasty of Babylon, i. 83

Pashtu (language), i. 127

Pasitigris, River (Karun), i. 43

Paskievich, General, ii. 418, 419, 420,421

Pasni, i. 297

Passion plays in Persia, ii, 43

Patala, i. 296

Pathans, the, ii, 306

Patrocles, Scleucid general, i. 311, 315

Paul, Emperor, of Russia, ii. 397, 410

Pausanias (Spartan general), i. 220

Pausanias (murderer of Philip), i. 256

Payanda Khan, Sirdar, Baraikssai, ii. 403

Paz (or Fas), birthplace of Firdausi, ii. 134

Peacock Throne, the, ii. 354-355, 356

Pelasgi, the, i. 158

Peloponnesus, the, i. 158, 200, 220, 225,
242, 243, 251 ; war in, 253, 255, 263

Pelusium, Battle of, i.  1685 245, 248,

^38.3' 5y.   .

Penems, River, i. 214

Pentelicus, Mount, i. 205

Perdiccas, Macedonian regent, i. 253,
287, 35 5 deatk of> 306-307 ; 310, 312,
316

Pergamus, i. 319, 340, 344-346, 347* 36a
. 366, 367

Perinthus, i. 254, 259

Perisabor, i. 453

Perovski, Count, ii. 434, 459, 460

Perrot, Georges, i. 197

Persepolis, i. 46, 56, 142, 149, 184, 190 ;
palaces of, 191 ft seq, 5 rock tombs, 194
et scq. ; occupation of, by Alexander,
277-279 ; 280, 282, 394, 433> 47*, 5>
515, 542 j ii. 95

Peraews (son of Philip V.)> i. 339 footnote,

*&
Persia, History of, vol. i, ; configuration

and climate, 1-18 j deserts, rivers, flora,
fauna, and minerals, 19-38 ; Elam and
Babylonia, early civilization and geo-
graphy, 39-52 5 Elam, 53-59 ; Susa,59-
63 5 Sumerians and Semites, 64 j legend
of Cannes, 64-65 ; Sximerian language,
65-66 ; Sumerian religion, 66-67 5 early
Sximerian settlements, 67-69; Ean-
natum, King of Lagash, 69-705 Kish
dynastyand Elam, 70 5 Empire of Akkad,
70-71 j Sargon's campaign, 71; stele of
Naram-Sin, 71-725 kingdom of Guti, 72 j
Gudea, Patesi of Lagash, 72-73 ; Elam
conquered by Dynasty of Ur, 73 5 Elam
administered by Dungi, 73-74 ; sack of
Erech, 74; Sumerian civilization, 74-
75 ; Elam and Babylon, 76 et seq.5
King Chedorlaomer, 78-79 5 decay of
Elamite Empire, 79 5 first dynasty of
Babylon, 79 ; laws of Hammurabi, 80 ;
second dynasty of Babylon, 80-81;
Kassite Dynasty, 81-825 King Shutruk-
Nakhunta, of Elam, 82-83 5 Pashe
Dynasty, 83 j Sea-land and Bazi
Dynasties, 83-84 ; Chaldeans, 84 ; rise
of Assyria, 85 et scq. j Sargon II., 88-
89 ; first battle between Assyria and
Elam, 89-90; Sennacherib, 90-915
Esarhaddon, 91-925 Assurbanipal, 92-
93 ; battle of Tulliz, 93 j rebellion of
Babylon, 94-95 ; campaigns against
Elam, 95-96 5 capture of Susa, 96-97 ;
fall of Elam, 97-98 5 Aryans of Persia,
99 et scq<; Medes, 103*104; Aryan
myths, 104-105 ; religion of Mcdes and
Persians, 106-119; Zoroaster, 108 ;
Gustasp, 108-1095 theAvesta, 109-11x5
Ormuzd, Supreme God, 1x1-112 5
Zoroastrianism, 112-1155 the Magi,
115-119 ; Media, 120 et seq.; Tiglath-
Pileser I., 121-122; Shalmaneser II.,
122-123; Tiglath-Pileser IV., 123;
Esarhaddon's expeditions, 124-1255
Deioces, 125-1216 5 Ecbatana, 126 5
expansion of Media, 128 5 Cyaxares,
129-130; first siege of Nineveh, 130;
Scythian invasion, 130-131 ; second
siege and fall of Nineveh, 131*132;
Media and Babylonia, 133-1345 Necho
II., 134-135; campaigns of Cyaxares,
135-136; Lydia, 136; Mermnadae
Dynasty, 136-1375 invention of coin-
age, 137-138 ; battle of the Eclipse, 138;
Astyages and Cyrus the Great, 139-140 ;
Pishdadian Dynasty, 141-142; Jamshid
and Zohak, 142 ; Feridun and Kawa,
142-143 ; Sam, Zal, and Rudabah, 143-
144; Rustam, 144; Keianian Dynasty,
144-145; Isfandiar, 146; rise of
Persia, 148 ft seq,; Cyrus the Great,
149-150; tragedy of Harpagus, 150-
151 ; Achaemenes, 151-152 ; Astyages